A country of northeast Africa south of Egypt.
Northern Sudan formed part of the ancient kingdoms
of Nubia and Cush. It was conquered by Egypt
in 1820–1822 and jointly administered
by Great Britain and Egypt after 1899, Sudan
achieved independence in 1956. Khartoum is the
capital and Omdurman the largest city. For centuries,
the region that is now known as Sudan consisted
of a number of independent nations.
Sudan has had a troubled relationship with many
of its neighbors and much of the international
community due to what is viewed as its aggressively
Islamic stance. Sudan is the largest country
in Africa. It borders nine countries –
Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic
Republic of Congo, Central African Republic,
Chad, and Libya – and has a coastline
on the Red Sea in the north-east.
Sudan has turned around a struggling economy
with sound economic policies and infrastructure
investments, but it still faces formidable economic
problems, starting from its low level of per
capita output. Agriculture production remains
Sudan's most important sector, employing 80%
of the work force and contributing 39% of GDP.
The population of Sudan is estimated about 39
million of which 60% are Muslim, 25 % are animist
and 15% are Christian. Sudan has two distinct
major cultures--Arabicized Black Africans and
non-Arab Black Africans.
Arabic is the official
language, but there are more than 100 tribal
languages, many of which are spoken by large
numbers of people. Many crafts are available
in Sudan’s souks (markets) like trading
beads, traditional wraps for women, cooking
pans and lamps made from old tin cans, loose
white gowns for men, and leather bags and saddles
for donkeys and camels.
Football is the
most popular sport in Sudan and it has won the
African Cup of Nations back in 1970.